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Internet Law News: Copyright Law Versus First Amendment

By Intellectual Property
copyright law gag on free speech

Can copyright law gag Internet free speech?

Can a city’s mayor silence his critics on the Internet using copyright law? That’s the dispute apparently brewing because of voiceover criticisms made against the mayor on YouTube clips of city council meetings.

Are the opinions expressed protected by the First Amendment as fair use or do the videos constitute copyright infringement?

Hat tip to Mike Masnick at Techdirt.com. See City Of Inglewood Allotted $50,000 To Hire A Lawyer Flagrantly Abuse Copyright Law To Try To Silence A Citizen.

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3 Common Legal Mistakes Nonfiction eBook Authors Make

By Intellectual Property, Internet Lawyer
ebook legal protection

Do you make these legal mistakes with the ebooks you write?

Whether you’re writing for Amazon Kindle, Smashwords, or some other platform, there are three legal problems that you can easily avoid by taking a few simple steps.

Mistake # 1 – Failing to Register Your Copyright

Properly registering the copyright for your eBook with the U.S. Copyright Office (Copyright.gov) provides you with several legal advantages in case a competitor or reader tries to rip off the content of your book.

For example, copyright registration enables you to sue for infringement to stop piracy plus provides the opportunity to pursue significant damages for infringement and reimbursement of your attorney fees.

Having these available to you adds some teeth to a cease-and-desist demand letter sent to a pirate even if you don’t actually plan to sue.

Mistake # 2 – Misusing Someone Else’s Copyrighted Material

Just as important as protecting your intellectual property is making sure that your e-book doesn’t infringe upon the copyrights owned by others. These types of infringement typically involve text and images.

Text and Fair Use

With regard to text, the concept of “fair use” is extremely vague. Some copyright owners don’t mind if you quote a paragraph or two with attribution. Others take the position that quoting even five words without permission constitutes infringement. Err on the side of caution by getting written permission from the copyright owner before “borrowing” text to put in your eBook.

Photos and Graphics

Images within an eBbook and  e-cover design are big concern too. You should assume until proven otherwise that graphics and photos you find online are owned by someone else. This means getting written permission to use those images in your eBook.

Chances are that the right to use an image inside your eBook or as an e-cover will cost you a small licensing fee. Make sure it’s clear what you’re buying. For example, some stock photography licensing sites charge more if you want to use an image in an eBook versus on a blog.

If you’ve hired someone to design your eBook cover, you’ll need two levels of protection. First, you’ll want to verify the source of any images used and whether there is a legal right for the designer to incorporate it into your eBook’s cover. Second, you’ll want your written independent contractor agreement with the cover designer to ensure the rights to the cover are assigned over to you.

This is a minefield because sometimes a designer will license the image to use in the designer’s business but the license doesn’t include a right for the designer to transfer the image rights to you as part of your eBook cover. A separate license to the image may be required.

Mistake # 3 – Forgetting to Put the Right Disclosures and Disclaimers in Your eBook

In addition to copyright information, it’s important to make mandatory disclosures and limit your liability exposure in nonfiction ebooks through disclaimers. An experienced Internet business lawyer can help you craft the right language for your eBook as well as address any copyright questions you have. Or, if you’re on a limited budget, you can choose to use a quality set of do-it-yourself templates instead.

For example, material connections to products and services you’re promoting in your eBook should be disclosed. If you’ve inserted affiliate links in your eBook, the reader should be informed of your affiliate status in order to make an informed buying decision. Without such a disclosure, the reader might mistakenly assume that your motive for making a recommendation was not motivated in part by income.

Nondisclosure of material connections can lead to trouble with the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) and consumer protection divisions of states’ attorneys general.

Your eBook’s disclaimers can reduce the risk you’ll be sued because of what you’ve written. The content of such disclaimers will vary depending upon the subject matter of your eBook. For example, an eBook about diabetes will have different disclaimers than one written about making money online through blogging.