A good patent lawyer will be able to help you determine whether your invention can be protected by registration with the U.S. Patent & Trademark Office (USPTO). As part of the process, you’ll learn the type of patent you’ll want to get to for your intellectual property.
What Is A U.S. Patent?
If the USPTO ultimately determines your invention a “new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof,” then the federal government will grant you the exclusive right to make, use or sell your intellectual property for 14 to 20 years, depending upon the type of patent. If others want to legally use your invention during that time, they have to pay you for the privilege (license) of doing so.
Related Article: Beware of Invention Promotion Companies
What About A U.S. Provisional Patent?
Like a unicorn, that really doesn’t exist. However, there are some circumstances justifying the need to file a provisional patent application (PPA) for your invention with the USPTO first, especially as the U.S. has now adopted a “First to File” (and no longer a “First to Invent”) patent system, in order to establish priority.
Note that if one files a PPA, it must be “converted” to a regular, non-provisional application within 12 months of filing the PPA, else the PPA is automatically deemed abandoned, i.e. you’ll lose the benefits of filing the provisional app and be statutorily barred from filing the non-provisional application thereafter.
Although a provisional patent does not exist (just a PPA), there are 3 types of patents the USPTO can issue depending upon what you’ve invented. Your Registered Patent Attorney will be able to identify the kind of patent you should seek and prepare the application for the USPTO to examine.
This may be the most critical part of a patent: the patent application!
It’s the properly drafted application that can maximize your property and legal rights.
Patent types include:
• Utility Patents
• Design Patents
• Plant Patents
Most patents are utility patents. In rare circumstances, a proposed invention may qualify for more than one type of patent, and/or qualify for copyright protection and/or trademark protection. A Registered Patent Attorney can help.
What Is A Registered Patent Attorney?
Not all lawyers can practice patent law before the USPTO. An attorney must pass a very difficult patent bar exam in order to become a Registered Patent Attorney (RPA). Although there are 1.3 million lawyers in the United States, only about 2% are Patent Attorneys registered with the USPTO.
Related Article: Intellectual Property Lawyer Herbert JoeThe average length of time for a patent to be approved is almost 30 months from filing, but the actual time can vary greatly depending on many factors, like the complexity of the proposed invention.
What If Your Invention Doesn’t Qualify For A Patent?
You may learn from your patent lawyer or the USPTO that your intellectual property can’t be protected by a patent.
If that happens, your attorney can advise you on other possible ways to protect your IP, including steps to shield it, for example, as a trade secret. In other words, you still may be able to profit from your invention without having a patent for it.
If you already have an enforceable patent but someone is using a part of your invention without your permission, you should seek legal help from a registered patent attorney (RPA) immediately. Your patent lawyer may be able to enforce your exclusive rights via a court order (an injunction) to stop the infringement, force the infringer to pay you royalties and/or award you damages.
On the other hand, if you’ve been accused of infringing someone else’s intellectual property, you should immediately seek legal advice, preferably from an RPA, as one may be subject to the additional damages (up to three times compensatory damages) from “willful infringement.”
What About Trademarks?
Trademarks can be the most important asset of a company, e.g., one study determined that trademarks make up about 1/3 of corporate value. So, coming up with and then protecting your distinguishing word, logo, shape, sign, expression, etc., that distinguishes your products or services from others, may be a necessary and invaluable business decision.
Can A Patent Lawyer Also Help You With Copyrights?
Copyrights can be invaluable intellectual property for the creator of an original artistic or literary work, e.g., a movie, a song, a book, computer programs, photos, etc. Copyrights include the exclusive right to make, publish and sell your copyrighted property. There are distinct advantages to timely federally registering your copyright.
A good Registered Patent Attorney should be able to assist you with all of your Intellectual Property needs.